Florence rationalist

Florence rationalist
Teresa Favi photo Officine Fotografiche

Visions unusual and special, besides the classical city

The Italian Rationalism, the architectural current which developed in Italy in the Twenties and the Thirties of the Twentieth century, takes its experience from the Bauhaus in Germany, De Stijl in the Netherlands, the French Cubism, from which it gets the tendency to an extreme synthesis. Iron, glass and the concrete, a revolution in the building methods.

Paradoxically Florence, far from the centers of architecture where the debate is going on, is the place where some of the most significant works are built among which the new stadium Artemio Franchi (1929)

after the design of Pier Luigi Nervi, Santa Maria Novella Railway Station (1933) designed by Giovanni Michelucci with a group of young architects, Gruppo Toscano, and the nearby Palazzina Reale (1935)

after a design of Michelucci. Other masterpieces of the Rationalist movement we must mention: the Manifattura Tabacchi, the Air force war School, the Teatro Puccini and the Istituto Agronomico per l’Oltremare.